Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is an international forum of experts brought together by the United Nations to undertake periodical assessments addressing how climate will change, what its impacts may be and how we can respond. It was originally formed in 1988 and published its Fourth Assessment Report (AR4) in 2007.
The IPCC is composed of an international group of scientists and was set up by the World Meteorological Organisation and the United Nations Environment Programme.
The IPCC, as a group, does not conduct any research, but rather acts a group to provide commentary on the scientific consensus on climate change. The IPCC provides regular reports that reflect the thinking of the scientific community. To date four IPCC reports have been released, the latest of which was in 2007, the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report (AR4). The reports are widely used by policymakers, scientists and learners.
In 2007, the IPCC shared the Nobel Peace Prize with Al Gore.