Atmosphere-Ocean Global Circulation Model (AOGCM)
Atmosphere-Ocean Global Circulation Models (AOGCM), sometimes called coupled atmosphere-ocean models, model both atmospheric and ocean processes and interactions between them.
The ocean has a large influence on atmospheric processes, therefore it is important to have a fully coupled ocean-atmospheric model in order to model the transient changes in climate through the century. Typically, the term Global Climate Model (GCM) is used to refer to climate models that reflect both atmosphere and ocean processes and feedbacks. For UKCP09, the Met Office Hadley Centre HadCM3 coupled global climate model is used.
Fully coupled GCMs are typically on a resolution of 2-3° (~ 200-300 km) because they are computationally intensive. In UKCP09 HadCM3 was the fully coupled model used to generate the transient projections.
- Further explanation is provided in Box 1.1 of the UKCP09 Climate change projections report.
- An overview of how probabilistic projections are created and presented in UKCP09 is described in Box 3 of the UKCP09 Briefing report.
Find out more
- IPCC Fourth Assessment Report, Working Group 1 report The Physical Science Basis , Chapter 8